A fundamental part of the life cycle of goods is spent traveling.

Millions of tons of goods are mobilized every day in most industrialized countries with road transport percentages exceeding 70% of the total in almost all countries.

For this reason, transportation testing is of crucial importance among the various classes of tests to which materials and products must be subjected.

How Transportation Testing work


Transportation tests are designed to put goods through their intended conditions of transportation to see how well they withstand the predictable stressors to which they are exposed.

This implies that there are two distinct aspects of transport that are put to the test: the packaging of the goods and the container itself that will transport them.

The safety of one and the other are the two main factors that contribute to the protection of goods during transport and the object of the main transport tests.

Transportation testing is therefore a class of tests which include tests carried out now on containers, now on packaging and we have already talked about the latter here.

It remains to be seen what kind of tests containers and packaging of goods are subjected to.

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What Tests are involved in Transportation Testing


The transport tests must simulate the conditions of the goods transport to test the possible damages due to the most common factors that can contribute to the damage of the goods during the transport.

We can divide the verification of these factors into two classes of tests: mechanical tests and climatic tests.

The mechanical tests verify the tightness of the packages and of the container itself to shocks and vibrations due to the transport itself, be it by road, rail, sea or air.

However, these means of transport are not irrelevant. Think of the atmospheric pressure of an airplane, the humidity of a ship or the temperature of a road container.

And this is where climatic tests come in.

Complementing the mechanical tests, the climatic tests foreseen by the transport tests simulate the environmental conditions that the goods and the container will face during the transport itself.

Both aspects are of the utmost importance and, now one now the other, acquires more relevance even with respect to the type of goods: transporting building materials is not like transporting food or medicines.

For this reason, there are many international standards that regulate transportation testing. Without claiming completeness we can cite the ASTM-D5276 which evaluates the resistance of containers to impact from falling, the ASTM-D999 which deals with the consequences of vehicle vibrations, and the ASTM-D4332 which concerns the climatic conditioning of both containers and packaging.

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The FDM Environmental Chamber for Transportation Testing

All climatic tests required by international transportation testing standards can be performed by FDM environmental chambers.

Environmental chambers are specialized in extreme climatic tests and can simulate all the most common environments that goods will encounter under various conditions of transport.

For further doubts and questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.


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