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Over the last few centuries, the development and diversification of sciences on the one hand and the growth in demand that society has placed on the same sciences on the other, have produced a variety of types of scientific laboratories.

In the following article, we will see how many types of laboratories exist, the different ways of classifying them and how many of these use climatic chambers.

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Types of Laboratories: Types of Taxonomies


The very division into types of laboratories, namely the taxonomy we use, can be debated. For example, we can preliminarily divide the laboratories into public, para-public and private ones, depending on the entity or entities that finance them but it is not a very useful categorization for our purposes.

Another classification could include the list of all laboratories specialized in a single scientific field, but it risks being simply redundant.

The taxonomy that we will follow, on the other hand, divides the types of laboratories according to their functions.


Types of Laboratories Classified by Functions


We can isolate 5 types of laboratories according to their functions and they are the following:



  • Research and Development Laboratories: This is the largest category of laboratories that partially overlaps some of the following. The research and development laboratories belong to many different disciplines such as chemistry, physics, biology, and technology and their characteristics vary greatly depending on the field.
  • Clinical laboratories: also known as medical laboratories, clinical laboratories have as their primary purpose the analysis of human biological samples such as blood or urine.
  • Biosafety Laboratories: Having made headlines during the pandemic, biosafety laboratories work with viral or bacterial agents that can pose serious threats to public health and are themselves internally classified according to 4 levels of biosecurity.
  • Production laboratories: generally private laboratories, they are a necessary intermediate step between industrial production and studies conducted in research and development laboratories.
  • Test, analysis and quality control laboratories: another important intermediate step takes place in the test, analysis and quality control laboratories that are responsible for confirming the approval of materials and products to a series of international standards.


Climatic chambers are an essential tool especially for these latter types of laboratories, but they can also be found in some belonging to the other categories. Let's see better.


Climatic Chambers and Types of Laboratories


All testing, analysis and quality control laboratories use them because climate testing is essential in almost every industry.

However, climatic chambers also play an important role in research and development and for this reason, they prove to be of great help in medical research, agricultural research and technological research, with particular attention to the automotive sector.

The wide range of atmospheric conditions that can be simulated with a climatic chamber helps, for example, technological researchers to develop more resistant and durable products, while agricultural researchers to develop more robust food crops to combat future food crises.

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The FDM Climatic Chamber


Since 1949, FDM - Environment Makers has been producing climatic chambers that are used in all types of laboratories. The laboratory instruments of FDM - Environment Makers are distinguished by the use of the best technologies on the market that make them versatile, safe, effective and that assist the operator in all stages of the process.

For further doubts and questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.


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